MEADOWS MUSEUM // FEB04
About the Meadows Museum

The Meadows Museum is the leading U.S. institution focused on the study and presentation of the
art of Spain. In 1962, Dallas businessman and philanthropist Algur H. Meadows donated his private
collection of Spanish paintings, as well as funds to start a museum, to Southern Methodist
University. The Museum opened to the public in 1965, marking the first step in fulfilling Meadows’
vision to create a “Prado on the Prairie.” Today, the Meadows is home to one of the largest and
most comprehensive collections of Spanish art outside of Spain. The collection spans from the 10th
to the 21st century and includes medieval objects, Renaissance and Baroque sculptures, and
major paintings by Golden Age and modern masters. Since 2010 the Museum has been engaged
in a multidimensional partnership with the Prado, which has included the exchange of
scholarship, exhibitions, works of art, and other resources. The Meadows Museum is celebrating its
50th Anniversary in 2015 with a series of special exhibitions and programs.

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FIRST EXHIBITION TO EXPLORE
EDUARDO CHILLIDA’S
MULTITUDE OF MEDIA
Eduardo Chillida (Spanish, 1924–2002), Besarkada III / Embrace III, 1991. Iron. ©
2017 Zabalaga – Leku, Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VEGAP, Madrid
This spring, the Meadows Museum will present Dallas’s first exhibition dedicated exclusively to
the work of Eduardo Chillida (1924–2002). Chillida, one of Spain’s most celebrated modern
sculptors, is famous for his monumental iron and stone sculptures that shape both urban and
rural landscapes. This exhibition includes 66 of the artist’s works, from his sculptures, to his drawings,
collages, gravitations, graphic works, and a selection of his books. Co-curated by William Jeffett,
chief curator of exhibitions for The Dalí Museum, and Ignacio Chillida, the artist’s son, the works
in Memory, Mind, Matter: The Sculpture of Eduardo Chillida come exclusively from the Museo
Chillida-Leku in Hernani (San Sebastián, Spain); the exhibition travels to Dallas from the Salvador
Dalí Museum in St. Petersburg, Florida. A complimentary exhibition, Chillida in Dallas: De Musica
at the Meyerson, is curated by Meadows/Mellon/Prado Curatorial Fellow Amanda W. Dotseth
and will focus on the landmark commission by Chillida at Dallas’s Morton H. Meyerson Symphony
Center. The two exhibitions will open on February 4, 2018, and run through June 3.

Memory, Mind, Matter: The Sculpture of Eduardo Chillida focuses on the mature part of Chillida’s
career, when he produced works such as Peine del Viento XV (Wind Comb) in 1976 and Elogio
del Horizonte (Eulogy to the Horizon) in 1990, while also presenting important, rarely displayed
works. The exhibition addresses the artist’s interest in space and form, which is anchored to the
human body and to organic elements found in nature. His works express both the power of
nature and humanity’s physical strength. Instead of seeing his works as abstract—an idea
Chillida rejected—the exhibition demonstrates his connection to the pre-war avant-garde’s
interest in human subjectivity and its poetic notions of form. The exhibition also includes a
reflection on the artist’s engagement with poetry and philosophy in his artists’ books, and
his admiration for writers of the period.

Chillida is also celebrated for the variety of media used in his works, including iron, stone,
ceramic, alabaster and paper. His iron and steel sculptures are made of solid metal, while
his alabaster works are made from a single piece of stone. His works on paper, known as
gravitations, include the layering of pages to create a collage, creating an effect of
shadows, weight and tension between the paper. Additionally, the pieces of paper are
stitched together, which creates a contrast of negative and positive space in the cut
outs. In connection to his Basque roots, Chillida’s works evoke interlocking fingers, arms
and hands. He saw hands as an instrument for interaction with the earth: they are how
the artist holds and shapes his materials. Eduardo Chillida’s use of natural forms in connection
with the Basque country is best described in the artist’s own words: “In my Basque Country
I feel at home, like a tree that is adapted to its territory, rooted in its earth but with its arms
open to the world.”

“Eduardo Chillida is well-known to our community, by sight if not by name, as Dallas is fortunate
to be home to one of his most important public sculptures,” said Mark Roglán, the Linda P.
and William A. Custard Director of the Meadows Museum. “This exhibition shows Chillida’s
different sides through his visionary use of materials, from the power of stone to the lightness
of paper. We are thrilled to bring these works to Dallas and expand our understanding of
one of the most important and influential modern Spanish sculptors.”

Chillida in Dallas: De música at the Meyerson, explores the monumental sculpture located in
front of the Morton H. Myerson Symphony Center in Dallas. Chillida was selected for the
commission by the Dallas Symphony Foundation Arts Committee, in close consultation with
architect and Committee member I.M. Pei. What resulted was the impressive De música, Dallas
XV (On Music, Dallas XV), which contains two imposing 15-foot-high cylinders of more than 3
feet in diameter, with commanding and elegant arm-like extensions. The work embodies
Chillida’s artistic philosophy, his interest in Saint Augustine (after whose treatise on music
the sculpture is named), and in the mystical number three. De música is the only public
work by Chillida on display in Dallas and represents a dialogue between Chillida and
architect I. M. Pei, who designed the Symphony Center’s glass and granite building.

Memory, Mind, Matter: The Sculpture of Eduardo Chillida will be accompanied by a
catalogue with full color illustrations of the 66 works by Eduardo Chillida in the exhibition,
along with an introduction by the artist’s son Ignacio Chillida, and essays by Hank Hine
(Director of The Dalí Museum), Nausica Sanchez (Fundación Eduardo Chillida-Pilar Belzunce),
and William Jeffett. The catalogue includes the artist’s biography, use of media, distinctive
motifs, and artists’ books.

Chillida-related educational programming for the spring will include:

Friday, February 2, 10:30 a.m.
LECTURE: Memory, Mind, Matter: The Public Art of Eduardo Chillida in Focus
Luis Chillida, director, Fundación Eduardo Chillida-Pilar Belzunce

Friday, February 16, 12:15 p.m.
GALLERY TALK: Medieval and Modern: Alabaster from Gil de Siloé to Eduardo Chillida
Amanda W. Dotseth, Meadows/Mellon/Prado curatorial fellow, Meadows Museum

Thursday, April 19, 6:00-7:00 p.m.
LECTURE: Lightness and Rightness: Eduardo Chillida and James Johnson Sweeney in the
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
Beatriz Cordero, professor, Saint Louis University, Madrid

Friday, April 20, 12:15 p.m.
GALLERY TALK: Chillida in Dallas Part I: Chillida Downtown
Jed Morse, chief curator, Nasher Sculpture Center

Saturday, April 21, 10:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m.
FAMILY DAY

Friday, April 27, 12:15 p.m.
GALLERY TALK: Chillida in Dallas Part II: Chillida in Dallas
Scott Winterrowd, director of education, Meadows Museum

Born in San Sebastián, Spain, in the Basque region, Eduardo Chillida’s works are international,
located in Spain, Europe, and the Americas. Throughout his career, Chillida debuted exhibitions
at The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and Museum of Modern Art in New York, including
retrospectives at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston (1966), and the Carnegie Institute in Pittsburgh
(1979). He received several awards, including the Graham Foundation Award for Advanced
Studies in the Fine Arts, the International Grand Prize for Sculpture at the Venice Biennale, both
in 1958; the Kandinsky Prize in 1960; and the Carnegie Prize in 1964 and in 1979, shared with
painter Willem de Kooning.

This exhibition is co-organized by The Dalí Museum and Fundación Eduardo Chillida–Pilar
Belzunce, in collaboration with the Meadows Museum, SMU, Dallas. Additional support for
the Meadows Museum’s presentation is generously provided by The Meadows Foundation.

About the Fundación Eduardo Chillida–Pilar Belzunce

All works presented in Memory, Mind, Matter: The Sculpture of Eduardo Chillida have been
graciously loaned by the Fundación Eduardo Chillida–Pilar Belzunce. The foundation was
created in 2000 and is based in Hernani, Spain. The foundation was formed with the purpose
to “deepen the knowledge of the artistic work of Mr. Eduardo Chillida Juantegui, promoting
its knowledge and dissemination.” The foundation is connected with the Museo Chillida-Leku
which opened in 2000. The museum showcases the largest collection of Eduardo Chillida’s work
and provides an intimate space for visitors to enjoy the works of this great, modern sculptor.
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Eduardo Chillida, 1987, Barcelona: Photo: Archivo Eduardo
Chillida.© 2017 Zabalaga – Leku, Artists Rights Society (ARS),
New York / VEGAP, Madrid